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Step by Step Cygwin Installation – Backup your CUCM, CUC, UCCX, IM&P DRF

Step by Step Cygwin Installation – Use Cygwin as a SSH/SFTP server to create backups for CUCM/CUC/UCCX/IM&P

 

The first and the foremost step is to download the Cygwin setup file from official website: Please choose the installation file according to your system i.e., 32 bit or 64bit.

  • Once the file is downloaded, launch the setup file.

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  • Click on Next
  • Choose Install from Internetuccollabing.com
  • Click on Next
  • Select the location where you would like the installation to happen.
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  • Click on Next
  • Select the way you would want setup file to access Internet to download some files. In my case I do have direct Internet Connection on PC. If you are using any Proxy, you can select proxy.

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  • Click on Next

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  • The below screen will appear where you can select the package you wish to install

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  • in The search, type openssh and hit enter

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  • Expand Net and select openssh and double click on Skip to select.

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  • Once done, click on Next
  • Click on Next

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  • The installation is completed. Click on Finish

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  • Once the installation is finished, then you need to run Cygwin application as Administrator.

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  • Refer to the below screenshot and enter the information as requested.

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Copying skeleton files.
These files are for the users to personalise their cygwin experience.

They will never be overwritten nor automatically updated.

'./.bashrc' -> '/home/akarnani//.bashrc'
'./.bash_profile' -> '/home/akarnani//.bash_profile'
'./.inputrc' -> '/home/akarnani//.inputrc'
'./.profile' -> '/home/akarnani//.profile'

akarnani@akarnani-PC ~
$ ssh-host-config

*** Info: Generating missing SSH host keys
ssh-keygen: generating new host keys: RSA DSA ECDSA ED25519
*** Info: Creating default /etc/ssh_config file
*** Info: Creating default /etc/sshd_config file

*** Info: StrictModes is set to 'yes' by default.
*** Info: This is the recommended setting, but it requires that the POSIX
*** Info: permissions of the user's home directory, the user's .ssh
*** Info: directory, and the user's ssh key files are tight so that
*** Info: only the user has write permissions.
*** Info: On the other hand, StrictModes don't work well with default
*** Info: Windows permissions of a home directory mounted with the
*** Info: 'noacl' option, and they don't work at all if the home
*** Info: directory is on a FAT or FAT32 partition.
*** Query: Should StrictModes be used? (yes/no) no
*** Info: Updating /etc/sshd_config file

*** Query: Do you want to install sshd as a service?
*** Query: (Say "no" if it is already installed as a service) (yes/no) yes
*** Query: Enter the value of CYGWIN for the daemon: [] ntsec
*** Info: Running 32 bit Cygwin on 64 bit Windows Vista or Windows 7
*** Info: the SYSTEM account is not sufficient to setuid to a local
*** Info: user account.  You need to have or to create a privileged
*** Info: account.  This script will help you do so.

*** Info: It's not possible to use the LocalSystem account for services
*** Info: that can change the user id without an explicit password
*** Info: (such as passwordless logins [e.g. public key authentication]
*** Info: via sshd) when having to create the user token from scratch.
*** Info: For more information on this requirement, see
*** Info: https://cygwin.com/cygwin-ug-net/ntsec.html#ntsec-nopasswd1

*** Info: If you want to enable that functionality, it's required to create
*** Info: a new account with special privileges (unless such an account
*** Info: already exists). This account is then used to run these special
*** Info: servers.

*** Info: Note that creating a new user requires that the current account
*** Info: have Administrator privileges itself.

*** Info: No privileged account could be found.

*** Info: This script plans to use 'cyg_server'.
*** Info: 'cyg_server' will only be used by registered services.
*** Query: Do you want to use a different name? (yes/no) no
*** Query: Create new privileged user account 'AKARNANI-PC\cyg_server' (Cygwin name: 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server')? (yes/no) yes
*** Info: Please enter a password for new user akarnani-pc+cyg_server.  Please be sure
*** Info: that this password matches the password rules given on your system.
*** Info: Entering no password will exit the configuration.
*** Query: Please enter the password:
*** Query: Reenter:

*** Info: User 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' has been created with password 'Cisco@123'.
*** Info: If you change the password, please remember also to change the
*** Info: password for the installed services which use (or will soon use)
*** Info: the 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' account.

passwd: unknown user akarnani-pc+cyg_server
*** Warning: Setting password expiry for user 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' failed!
*** Warning: Please check that password never expires or set it to your needs.
No user or group 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' known.
*** Warning: Assigning the appropriate privileges to user 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' failed!
*** ERROR: There was a serious problem creating a privileged user.
*** Query: Do you want to proceed anyway? (yes/no) yes
*** Warning: Expected privileged user 'akarnani-pc+cyg_server' does not exist.
*** Warning: Defaulting to 'SYSTEM'

*** Info: The sshd service has been installed under the LocalSystem
*** Info: account (also known as SYSTEM). To start the service now, call
*** Info: `net start cygsshd' or `cygrunsrv -S cygsshd'.  Otherwise, it
*** Info: will start automatically after the next reboot.

*** Warning: Host configuration exited with 1 errors or warnings!
*** Warning: Make sure that all problems reported are fixed,
*** Warning: then re-run ssh-host-config.

akarnani@akarnani-PC ~
$
  • Next step is to run the SSH service by entering the following command.

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akarnani@akarnani-PC ~
$ net start cygsshd
The CYGWIN cygsshd service is starting.
The CYGWIN cygsshd service was started successfully.


akarnani@akarnani-PC ~
  • Use any SFTP/FTP application to test. In my case, I will use Filezilla to test the credentials.
  • Enter the IP Address of the server/machine where you installed the Cygwin application. Enter the username as “cyg_server” and password that was created. Also mention the port number as 22.
  • Click on QuickConnect.

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  • If you are using it to store CUCM/CUC/UCCX/IM&P backup server, on the right hand side, I would create a folder called Backup and under that Backup Folder, subfolders as CUCM, CUC, UCCX, IM&P.

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  • The location on the windows server/system would be the installation path where your Cygwin has been installed.

C:\PATH_TO_CYGWIN_INSTALLATION_FOLDER\home\USERNAME_YOU_CREATED\

In our case, the application was installed in C:\ drive so our path is “C:\cygwin\home\cyg_server\

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You are all set to take backups now!

Published by Team UC Collabing

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